The Small Church
By: Bill Easum
I begin with a disclaimer. I don't believe the size of a church has any merit in the Kingdom. Neither do I believe a small church (under 200 in worship) or a large church has any advantages over the other. They both are called of God to perform the same mission...to carry out Christ's last will and testament in both Matthew and Acts and make disciples of Jesus Christ. Churches that make disciples are great churches, no matter what size. Churches that don't make disciples aren't churches, no matter what size.
The truth is that small churches could be God's gift to the U.S. because there are so many of them. In many parts of the country, it seems as if there is one or more on every corner. In every part of the country, we have enough small churches to win America to Christ.
However, every study I've seen shows that, except for the first four years of a new church start, small churches account for fewer and fewer of the people who claim to attend a Christian Church. I've seen studies that show 50% of all Christians attend anywhere from 14 to 2% of all churches.
A few years ago, at the request of a major denomination, I spent two days consulting with 11 small, dying churches in an isolated valley in the Appalachian area. The 11 churches were strung out along a farm-to-market road over a 30-mile area. The total worship attendance of the 11 churches amounted to 125 people. Nine of the churches were separated from each other by no more than a mile and a half.
During the interview process, every one of the church leaders shared with me their church's struggle to survive. I could feel the bitterness and despair in their voice as they spoke of the callousness of their denomination toward their plight and the loss of their young people.
During the interviews, I asked two questions: "Why are you declining?" and "What is the largest church in the area?" They blamed their church's decline on the isolation of their location, the declining population of the valley, and the lack of help from their denomination. A favorite phrase was, "We're just a small church." They also told me that the largest church in the valley had about 35 in worship.
After listening to the 11 groups tell the same story, I was almost persuaded that I had found the one place in America where churches could not grow. On the way back to the airport, I noticed a large, square, box-looking building at the intersection of Nowhere and Somewhere. Other than numerous barns, this was the largest building I had seen in the valley. I asked the denominational official to drive by the building. We soon discovered that it was a five-year-old, nondenominational church with a very large parking lot, and averaged 800 in four worship services, most of whom were young adults!
What's wrong with this picture? Lots. The people I interviewed did little but complain about their smallness and the lack of help from their denomination. They were so absorbed in themselves that they could not or would not admit that it was possible to grow a strong, healthy church in their valley. They could not admit the presence of that big box down the street.
Here is what 10 years of consulting has taught me about small churches and what can be done to keep them from continual decline.
Small churches tend not to make disciples because they are ruled with a heavy hand by a few individuals who have a deep passion to be a big fish in a little pond.
There is only one reason churches put up with dysfunctional people…they have forgotten why they exist. They are no longer focused on being God's mission in the world. They are turned inward and focused on themselves. Perhaps it's time for your small church to clean house.
Small churches don't make disciples because they are oriented around taking care of their membership rather than making disciples. (Large churches do this also.)
Some small churches take pride in being small as if it were a virtue. Some pastors proudly proclaim that they refuse to play the "numbers game." Others believe in the "righteous remnant" theory of the Old Testament more than the Great Commission of the New Testament. "We're not declining; we're just separating the wheat from the chaff." Sounds like the same thing Jesus dealt with when he went up against the Pharisees. Numbers are people, no matter how you cut it.
So, What Do Small Churches Need to Do to Make Disciples?
Small churches can elect to remain small and still make disciples by deciding to give people away to start new churches every time they reach the desired size. By carrying out the Great Commission, they are part of the Body of Christ. By starting new churches, they remain small and help expand the Kingdom. This is a win-win strategy.
Six years ago, East Canton Church, had 35 in worship and a pastor who had responsibility for two churches. Less than 20,000 people lived within a 20-mile radius of the church and the population was declining. In less than four years, the church averaged over 170 in worship and had become a teaching church for small churches. The pastor used the same principles at East Canton that the pastor used at Ginghamsburg.
Bill Easum is president of 21st Century Strategies, Inc. a full-service church consulting group since 1987 whose mission is to equip Christian for global impact, www.churchconsultations.com.