Discipleship Is Our Focus
By: Bill Easum
For some odd reason, most pastors focus on receiving new members rather than making new disciples. Ask most pastors what size their church is, and most of them will tell you how many members they have. However, thriving churches focus on the longer term goal of discipling pagans into spiritual giants.
Emerging Discipleship Models
Many effective models for discipling the emerging pagan population are springing up everywhere. These models run the gamut of discipleship from nonbelievers to longtime Christians. All of the models I've seen have one thing in common: They seek to develop a servant mentality and model servanthood more than teach a doctrine, inform, or help people become active in the church.
All of the examples combine two disciplines: role modeling and teaching. However, unlike what we have seen the past few decades, they focus not on the curriculum but rather on the life and example of those who lead the experiences. It's not so much what is being taught as who does the teaching.
If you look at first-century examples, people didn't have a textbook from which they could teach. Instead, the disciples watched what their mentors did and how they lived. Modeling is at the heart of any form of legitimate discipleship. This does not mean you don't need a curriculum. You just can't teach discipleship as well on a blackboard as you can through seeing it in action. So, don't think curriculum; instead, think role model. Service opportunities are more important than classroom teaching.
Here are just a few of the examples I've seen.
Watch What I Do Opportunities
Many churches have begun to offer opportunities for people to spend time not in study but in fellowship with some of their spiritual giants. One of the best examples I've seen is the Leadership Practicum at New Hope Christian Fellowship of Oahu, www.enewhope.org. Rather than just studying a curriculum, the participants spend the week shadowing the pastor, Wayne Cordeiro. They also have the opportunity to interact with all New Hope staff and hear from the senior staff members on the relationship between pastor and staff.
A similar emphasis is occurring in many of the more advanced church-planting congregations. Instead of the potential church planters merely running through classroom training, they are placed in a newly formed church plant where they serve as interns as well as receive on-the-job training. This way, they see firsthand what developing a church plant involves prior to actually having to plant a church. Again, if you look at the first century, Jesus practiced this form of discipleship. He lived with his disciples for quite a while before he sent them out into the world to practice door-to-door evangelism.
First-Time Service Ministries
Cutting-edge congregations are designing entry-level ministries for new people. Two examples will help. New Hope Christian Fellowship in Oahu believes it is important to have service roles for people who attend New Hope for the very first time. Yes, the very first time people visit New Hope, they may be asked to serve in some role. Many new people come to New Hope on the arm of a friend so it is normal for the New Hope person to ask their first-time friends to help pass the offering baskets.
World Outreach Church in Murfeesboro, Tennessee, www.wochurch.org, believes it is important to provide service roles for day-old Christians. One of the best places to find ministries for new people is Servant Evangelism at www.kindness.com, originated by Steve Sjogren at the Vineyard Church of Cincinnati. I had the privilege of experiencing Servant Evangelism there a few years ago. The experience was like a biblical pep rally followed by various groups going out into the community. They did such things as giving out free water at Wal-mart, cleaning the toilets in local restaurants, and offering to wrap Christmas packages free in a nearby mall.
Both of these approaches to discipleship focus on beginning to disciple the newcomer as soon as possible. Both models emphasize getting new persons to experience the joy of serving as opposed to teaching them about it. Leaders who use this approach have to be careful not to incorporate new, unproven people into ministries that directly shape the lives of people - such as in teaching a Sunday school class for children, leading a small group, or working with the youth. What these churches provide are safe places where newbies of all kinds can experience servanthood without putting other people in spiritual jeopardy.
New Beginning Opportunities
Many churches of a variety of theological persuasions have found that offering Alpha experiences to seekers is an effective method of reaching people because it involves fellowship, modeling, and teaching, www.alphana.org. In a similar way, many of the emerging churches have some form of a New Believers Class. The fact that the new believers haven't yet joined that congregation changes the whole dynamic of the experience. The leaders role-model in their actions and behavior what it means to be a Christian. Doctrine is not the focus as much as experiencing authentic Christian community.
Whether in house churches or meta small groups, such as those found at New Hope Community Church in Portland, Oregon, www.newhopecommunitychurch.org, the dynamics are the same. The focus is more on relationships, intimate community, and behavior modification than on teaching doctrine or faith. The group leaders are taught that establishing solid relationships and building biblical community are the goals. These small groups have a curriculum, but it just isn't the main focus. The newest ripple among small groups is adding a missional component so that every small group has a monthly mission they take part in their neighborhood.
The Bad News
The bad news in all of this is that before most of the above does any good, the leaders have to begin modeling the role of a servant. The most fundamental change in this shift is in the behavior of the paid and unpaid servants who lead a congregation. Your ministry as a leader must focus on developing people rather than offering programming or doing whatever it is that the congregation asks of you. Your delight must come in the servant ministries and leaders that emerge from them, rather than merely going around doing good and counting the number of new members. For many church leaders, this requires personal change.
The Good News
The good news is servant ministry doesn't have to involve much cost, at least financially. The poorest and smallest congregations can participate in some area of servant ministry. So, what's keeping you from stepping up to the plate and shifting from warehousing members to discipling the people?
Bill Easum is president of 21st Century Strategies, Inc. a full-service church consulting group since 1987 whose mission is to equip Christian for global impact, www.churchconsultations.com.